Glossary

Adaptogen - a natural herb product which is believed to increase the body’s resistance to stress, trauma, anxiety and fatigue.

Adipose fat tissue -  body fat that appears to be controlled by the adipose gene. Adipose tissue was first identified by the Swiss naturalist Conrad Gessner in 1551.

Amino acid - amino acids are critical to life, and have many functions in metabolism. They are the building blocks of protein.

Antagonist - opposing components that when combined, neutralize each other’s effectiveness.

Anti-aging - the act of slowing down or reversing the processes of aging.

Antioxidants - any substance that is able to counteract free radical damage.

Arginine / L-Arginine - an amino acid. L-Arginine is the only form available to humans. The D-Arginine does not appear naturally in nature.

Arthritis - a degenerative joint disease.

Atherosclerosis - the thickening of arterial walls as a result of the build-up of fatty materials.

Banaba -  natural health supplement. Comes from the banaba plant that naturally grows in India, Asia, and the Philippines. Long been utilized and believed to treat diabetes and assist with weight management.

Blood brain barrier - a separation of circulating blood and cerebrospinal fluid in the central nervous system.

Blood sugar levels - the amount of (glucose) sugar present in the blood.

Cell protectors - antioxidants (described above).

Cell signaling - communication that governs basic cellular activities and coordinates cell actions.

Choline -  a water-soluble essential nutrient found in eggs, cod, chicken milk, spinach, quinoa, grapefruit and almonds. The daily adequate intake per day is 425 mg for adult women and 550 mg for men.

Chromium Polynicotinate - an ionic substance used in some nutritional supplement products.

Citrulline Malate - an amino acid which was shown to reduce muscle fatigue in a preliminary clinical trial. The rind of watermelon is a good natural source of citrulline.

Curcumin - from the Indian spice turmeric, which is a member of the ginger family. In vitro and animal studies have suggested curcumin may have antitumor, antioxidant, antiarthritic, antiamyloid and anti-inflammatory properties.

Endocrine system - a system of glands which secretes a type of hormone in the bloodstream.

Endothelium - a thin layer of cells that lines the interior surface of blood vessels.

Enzyme - proteins that catalyze chemical reactions.

Folic Acid - a form of vitamin B9. Can be found in leafy vegetables, cereal and bread.

Free radicals - an atom or group of atoms that has at least one unpaired electron and is therefore unstable and highly reactive. In animal tissues, free radicals can damage cells and are believed to accelerate the progression of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and age-related diseases.

Glutathione - an antioxidant that prevents damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species such as free radicals and peroxides.

Growth Hormone - a protein-based peptide hormone. It stimulates growth, cell reproduction and regeneration in humans and other animals.

Herpes - a viral disease caused by both herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2.

Hypertension - high blood pressure in which the systemic arterial blood pressure is elevated.

Immune system - system of biological structures that protect against disease.

Leptin - a protein hormone that plays a key role in regulating energy intake and energy expenditure, including appetite and metabolism.

Low glycemic - or GI is a measure of the effects of carbohydrates on blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates that break down quickly during digestion and release glucose rapidly into the bloodstream have a high GI; carbohydrates that break down more slowly, releasing glucose more gradually into the bloodstream, have a low GI.

Lysine - an essential amino acid, which means that the human body cannot synthesize it.

Macular degeneration - a loss of vision in the center of the visual field.

Metabolism - the set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.

N Acetyl Cysteine - helps boosts levels of glutathione.

Nitric Oxide - an important cellular messenger molecule involved in many physiological and pathological processes.

Pituitary - hypophysis, an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 g (0.02 oz.), in humans.

Plaque - buildup within the wall of an artery.

Protein - the building blocks of all living cells.

Restless leg syndrome - an irresistible urge to move one’s body to stop uncomfortable or odd sensations.

Vanadium - a soft, silvery gray ductile transition metal.